SNAP-Authorized Food Store Access

This indicator reports the number of SNAP-authorized food stores as a rate per 10,000 population. SNAP-authorized stores include grocery stores as well as supercenters, specialty food stores, and convenience stores that are authorized to accept SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) benefits.
Report Area Total Population Total SNAP-Authorized Retailers SNAP-Authorized Retailers, Rate per 10,000 Population
Franklin County, PA 149,618 102 6.82
Pennsylvania 12,702,379 10,427 8.21
United States 312,411,142 258,959 8.29
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, USDA - SNAP Retailer Locator. Additional data analysis by CARES. 2016. Source geography: Tract
Website Updated December 11 2017 Site Reviewed January 05 2018

SNAP-Authorized Food Store Access

Data Background

The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) is an agency of USDA's Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services. FNS works to end hunger and obesity through the administration of 15 federal nutrition assistance programs including WIC, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and school meals. In partnership with State and Tribal governments, FNS' pograms serve one in four Americans during the course of a year. The FNS mission is to increase food security and reduce hunger by providing children and low-income people access to food, a healthful diet and nutrition education in a way that supports American agriculture and inspires public confidence.


Locations of SNAP-Authorized retailers was acquired from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) SNAP Retailers Locator. This data was processed and each retailer was assigned to the census tract which it fell entirely within. Counts of retailers per each census tract were generated. SNAP-retailer access rates were then calculated for each tract based on the number of stores per 10,000 population.
Locations of SNAP-authorized retailers are compiled by the USDA's Food and Nutrition Service, SNAP Benefits Redemption Division. This data is updated periodically and was last current as of May 16, 2016. Population data are from the U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Decennial Census. Indicator data is presented as a rate per 10,000 population based on the following formula:

Rate = [SNAP-Authorized Retailers] / [Total Population] * 10,000

For more information, please refer to the SNAP Retailer Locator documentation.


Data Limitations
Reported data represent summaries limited by census tract boundaries. When comparing rates, consider the following:
1) Rates assume uniform distribution of both establishments and populations throughout the tract and may not detect disparities in access for rural or minority populations.
2) Summaries may over-represent or under-represent tract rates when populations or establishments are highly concentrated near tract borders.
3) Rates do not describe quality of the establishment or utilization frequency.

Race and Ethnicity
Statistics by race and ethnicity are not provided for this indicator.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <>, November 2017