Walking or Biking to Work

This indicator reports the percentage of the population that commutes to work by either walking or riding a bicycle.
Report Area Population Age 16 Population Walking or Biking to Work Percentage Walking or Biking to Work
Franklin County, PA 70,142 1,860 2.65%
Pennsylvania 5,879,935 255,794 4.35%
United States 143,621,171 4,858,991 3.38%
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey . 2011-15. Source geography: Tract

Website Updated December 11 2017 Site Reviewed January 05 2018

Walking or Biking to Work

Data Background

The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data. The ACS samples nearly 3 million addresses each year, resulting in nearly 2 million final interviews. The ACS replaces the long-form decennial census; however, the number of household surveys reported annually for the ACS is significantly less than the number reported in the long-form decennial census. As a result, the ACS combines detailed population and housing data from multiple years to produce reliable estimates for small counties, neighborhoods, and other local areas. Negotiating between timeliness and accuracy, the ACS annually releases current, one-year estimates for geographic areas with large populations; three-year and five-year estimates are also released each year for additional areas based on minimum population thresholds.
Citation: U.S. Census Bureau: A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data (2008).
For more information about this source, including data collection methodology and definitions, refer to the American Community Survey website.


Population counts for demographic groups and total area population data are acquired from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Data represent estimates for the 5 year period 2011-2015. Data are summarized to 2010 census tract boundaries. Data are tabulated for workers 16 years old and over (members of the Armed Forces and civilians) who were at work during the reference week. Means of transportation to work refers to the principal mode of travel or type of conveyance that the worker usually used to get from home to work during the reference week. People who used different means of transportation on different days of the week were asked to specify the one they used most often, that is, the greatest number of days. People who used more than one means of transportation to get to work each day were asked to report the one used for the longest distance during the work trip. Travel time to work refers to the total number of minutes that it usually took the worker to get from home to work during the reference week. Area statistics are measured as a percentage of the total working population using the following formula:

Percentage = [Subgroup Population] / [Working Population] * 100

For more information on the specific data elements reported in the American Community Survey, please see the complete American Community Survey 2015 Subject Definitions.


Race and Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories in the American Community Survey (ACS) based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. Indicator race and ethnicity statistics are generated from self-identified survey responses. Using the OMB standard, the available race categories in the ACS are: White, Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, and Other. An ACS survey respondent may identify as one race alone, or may choose multiple races. Respondents selecting multiple categories are racially identified as “Two or More Races”. The minimum ethnicity categories are: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino. Respondents may only choose one ethnicity. All social and economic data are reported in the ACS public use files by race alone, ethnicity alone, and for the white non-Hispanic population.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, December 2017