WIC-Authorized Food Store Access

This indicator reports the number of food stores and other retail establishments per 100,000 population that are authorized to accept WIC Program (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) benefits and that carry designated WIC foods and food categories. This indicator is relevant because it provides a measure of food security and healthy food access for women and children in poverty as well as environmental influences on dietary behaviors.
Report Area Total Population (2011 Estimate) Number WIC-Authorized Food Stores WIC-Authorized Food Store Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.)
Franklin County, PA 150,811 16 10.6
Pennsylvania 12,844,373 2,138 16.6
United States 318,921,538 50,042 15.6
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, USDA - Food Environment Atlas. 2011. Source geography: County
Website Updated December 11 2017 Site Reviewed January 05 2018

WIC-Authorized Food Store Access

Data Background

The Food Environment Atlas provides access to the majority of the food-related datasets of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service (ERS). The ERS performs research about food security in U.S. households and communities, and provides data access to national, state, and local statistics from its analysis. The ERS draws from various sources to measure population food security, including internal USDA databases (the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Retailer Directory, the National Farmers Market Directory, the Census of Agriculture, the Quarterly Food-At-Home Price Database) and data from other federal programs like the Decennial Census and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

For more information about this source, please visit the Food Environment Atlas .


County-level data was acquired from the USDA Food Environmental Atlas (FEA).

The FEA reports WIC-Authorized retailers as a rate per 1,000 population. The FEA reports WIC-store data from USDA's Food and Nutrition Service, Supplemental Food Programs Division, Program Analysis and Monitoring Branch. Population data are from the U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates. WIC-store access rates for each county are derived using the following formula:

Rate = [Establishment Count] / [Population] * 100,000.

For more information, please refer to the Food Environmental Atlas Documentation.


Race and Ethnicity
Statistics by race and ethnicity are not provided for this indicator.

Data Limitations
Reported data represent summaries limited by county boundaries. When comparing rates, consider the following:
1) Rates assume uniform distribution of both establishments and populations throughout the county and may not detect disparities in access for rural or minority populations.
2) Summaries may over-represent or under-represent county rates when populations or establishments are highly concentrated on county border lines.
3) Rates do not describe quality of the establishment or utilization frequency.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, November 2017